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陈国祥

理学博士,教授,博士生导师,南京师范大学党委副书记、校长。

主要研究领域和方向:

植物叶绿体的生物学特性研究,重点是围绕杂交水稻等模式植物叶片叶绿体光合作用的细胞生物学特性进行探索,特别是针对水稻功能叶(剑叶)叶绿体衰老过程所呈现的特性变化,从生化及细胞生物学水平进行全面的分析研究,试图为调控叶绿体衰老进程提供有用的实验结果。主持1项国家重点研发项目,4项国家自然科学基金项目,1项国家重点研发项目(973)子课题,及多项省部级教改、科研项目。

联系方式:

电话:025-8589188613505165673

邮箱:gxchen@njnu.edu.cn

承担的项目

  1. 国家重点研发计划项目“中华绒螯蟹质量安全保障技术的全链条综合示范”2019YFC16058002019.12-2022.12经费1126
  2. 国家自然科学基金项目“高产杂交稻功能叶叶绿体超微结构与光合特性”302707922003.1-2005.12,经费17
  3. 国家自然科学基金项目“高产杂交水稻剑叶叶绿体衰老及其膜蛋白组学研究”306712542006.1-2007.12,经费10
  4. 国家自然科学基金项目“杂交水稻剑叶叶绿体衰老及环境因子的影响”307712992008.1-2010.12经费30
  5. 国家自然科学基金项目“水稻剑叶叶绿体光能转化与碳同化协调运转的研究”312716212013.1-2016.12经费81
  6. 国家重点研究基础发展计划973项目子课题“光合作用对环境胁迫的响应和相关逆境抗逆代谢途径的调控机理”2009CB1185052009.6-2012.12经费30
  7. 教育部科学技术研究重点项目“高产杂交稻剑叶衰老的细胞的细胞生物学性状分析研究”204049
  8. 江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目“南粳系列优质粳稻品种光合性能解析”CX1730222017.06-2020.06经费50
  9. 江苏省自然科学基金项目“低温逆境对高产杂交水稻剑叶光合功能的影响”BK2004143
  10. 江苏省高校自然科学研究重大项目“杂交稻剑叶叶绿体光合代谢对逆境胁迫的响应”2011104TSJ01352011.9-2014.12经费30
  11. 教育部博士点基金项目“高产杂交水稻剑叶叶绿体衰老及其膜蛋白组学研究”,20060319005

代表性论文:

  1. Jiang DX, Wang F, Zhang HZ, Gao WW, Tong X,Lv CG,Chen GX* (2021) Formation of proto-Kranz in C3rice induced by spike-stalk injection method. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. (accepted)
  2. Jiang DX, Zeng Y, Almakas A, Tong X, Gao ZP, Chen GX* (2021) Physiological features and thylakoid membrane proteomic analysis of rice NG46 during natural leaf senescence. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum. (accepted)
  3. Gao ZP, Xu ML, Zhang HZ, Chen GX* (2021) Photosynthetic properties of the mid-vein and leaf lamina of field-grown, high-yield hybrid rice during senescence. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. (accepted)
  4. Jiang DX, Hou JJ, Gao WW, Tong X, Li M, Chu X, Chen GX* (2021) Exogenous spermidine alleviates the adverse effects of aluminum toxicity on photosystem II through improved antioxidant system and endogenous polyamine contents.Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 207: 111265.
  5. Jiang DX, Chu X, Li M, Hou JJ, Tong X, Gao ZP, Chen GX* (2020) Exogenous spermidine enhances salt-stressed rice photosynthetic performance by stabilizing structure and function of chloroplast and thylakoid membranes.Photosynthetica, 58:61-71.
  6. Wang YW, Zhang BB, Jiang DX, Chen GX* (2019) Silicon improves photosynthetic performance by optimizing thylakoid membrane protein components in rice under drought stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 158: 117-124.
  7. Wang YW, Jiang DX, Hou JJ, Chen GX* (2019) Physiological characterization and thylakoid ultrastructure analysis in super high-yield hybrid rice leaves under drought stress. Photosynthetica, 57:890-896.
  8. Gao ZP, Shen WJ, Chen GX* (2018) Uncovering C4-like photosynthesis in C3 vascular cells. Journal of Experimental Botany, 69: 3531-3540.
  9. Ma J, Lv CF, Xu ML, Hao PF, Wang YW, Shen WJ, Gao ZP, Chen GX*, Lv CG* (2017) Analysis of chlorophyll a fluorescence and proteomic differences of rice leaves in response to photooxidation. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum,39: 46
  10. Shen WJ, Ye LH, Ma J, Yuan Z, Zheng BG, Lv CG, Zhu ZQ, Chen X, Gao ZP*, Chen GX* (2016) The existence of C4-bundle-sheath-like photosynthesis in the mid-vein of C3 rice. Rice, 9, 1-14.
  11. Wang YW, Yu GH, Li K, Wu M, Ma J, Xu JG, Chen GX*(2015) Responses of photosynthetic properties and antioxidant enzymes in high-yield rice flag leaves to supplemental UV-B radiation during senescence stage. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22: 4695-4705.
  12. Wang YW, Yu J, Jiang XH, Sun LG, Li K, Wang PY, Wu M, Chen GX*, Lv CG (2015) Analysis of thylakoid membrane protein and photosynthesis related key enzymes in super high-yield hybrid rice LYPJ grown in field condition during senescence stage. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 37: e1.
  13. Wang YW, Zhang JJ, Yu J, Jiang XH, Sun LG, Wu M, Chen GX*(2014) Photosynthetic changes of flag leaves during senescence stage in super high-yield hybrid rice LYPJ grown in field condition. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 82: 194-201.
  14. Wang YW, Xu JG, Sun LG, Yu J, Zhang JJ, Ma J, Chen GX*(2014) Physiological and growth characteristics of Ginkgo biloba L. exposed to open field and shade enclosure during the reproductive stage. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 36: 2671-2681.
  15. Wang YW, Xu C, Lv CF, Wu ML, Chen GX*, Lv CG (2016) Chlorophyll a fluorescence analysis in high-yield rice (Oryza sativa L.) LYPJ during leaf senescence. Photosynthetica, 54: 422-429.
  16. Zhang MP, Shan YJ, Kochian L, Strasser RJ, Chen GX* (2015) Photochemical properties in flag leaves of a super-high-yielding hybrid rice and a traditional hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.) probed by chlorophyll a fluorescence transient. Photosynthesis Research, 126: 275-284.
  17. Wang YW, Wu M, Yu J, Zhang JJ, Zhang RF, Zhang L, Chen GX* (2014) Differences in growth, pigment, composition and photosynthetic rates of two phenotypes Microcystis aeruginosa strains under high and low iron conditions. Biochemical Systematic and Ecology, 55:112-117.
  18. Wang YW, Jiang XH, Li K, Wu M, Zhang RF, Zhang L, Chen GX* (2014) Photosynthetic responses of Oryza sativa L. seedlings to cadmium stress: physiological, biochemical and ultrastructural analyses. Biometals, 27: 389-401.
  19. Wu M, Wang PY, Sun LG, Zhang JJ, Yu J, Wang YW, Chen GX* (2014) Alleviation of cadmium toxicity by cerium in rice seedlings is related to improved photosynthesis, elevated antioxidant enzymes and decreased oxidative stress. Plant Growth Regulation, 74: 251-260.
  20. Yu GH, Li W, Yuan ZY, Lv CG, Gao ZP, Han B, Gong YZ, Chen GX* (2013) The effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on photosynthetic and biochemical activities in super-high-yield hybrid rice Liangyoupeijiu at reproductive stage.Photosynthetica, 51: 33-44.
  21. Gao ZP, Yu QB, Zhao TT, Ma Q, Chen GX*, Yang ZN* (2011) A functional component of the transcriptionally active chromosome complex, Arabidopsis pTAC14, interacts with pTAC12/HEMERA and regulates plastid gene expression. Plant Physiology, 157: 1733-1745.