Resveratrol prevents cadmium activation of Erk1/2 and JNK pathways from neuronal cell death via protein phosphatases 2A and 5
Cadmium (Cd), a toxic environmental contaminant, induces neurodegenerative disorders. Resveratrol, a natural product, has been found to exert neuroprotective effects. However, little is known regarding the effect of resveratrol on Cd-evoked neurotoxicity. Here we show that resveratrol effectively reversed Cd-elicited cell viability reduction, morphological change, nuclear fragmentation and condensation, as well as activation of caspase-3 in neuronal cells, implying neuroprotection against Cd-poisoning by resveratrol. Further research revealed that both c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (Erk1/2) were involved in the inhibitory effect of resveratrol on Cd-induced cell death, as selective inhibitors of Erk1/2 (U0126) and JNK (SP600125), or overexpression of dominant negative mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 (MKK1) or dominant negative c-Jun potentiated resveratrol’s prevention of Cd-induced phosphorylation of JNK and Erk1/2, as well as cell death in neuronal cells. Of interest, resveratrol potently rescued the cells from Cd-induced suppression of protein phosphatases 2A (PP2A) and 5 (PP5) activity. Overexpression of PP2A or PP5 strengthened the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on Cd-induced activation of Erk1/2 and/or JNK, as well as cell death. The results indicate that resveratrol prevents Cd-induced activation of Erk1/2 and JNK pathways and neuronal cell death in part via activating PP2A and PP5. Our findings strongly support that resveratrol may serve as a potential therapeutic agent in the prevention of Cd-induced neurodegenerative diseases.